Fluoride is an essential trace element.
This means, that Fluoride is essentiall for the well-being of our bodies. Therefore, it should be taken up in small amounts with our daily nourishment. Our main source of this is drinking water.
Fluoride belongs to the group of halogenes present in the chemical periodic system. It is extremely reactive and only appears in connection with other elements.It is widespread in nature and in the frequency of natural occurance it occupies the 17th place.
Fluoride can be administered in various forms, either at home by the patient or in the dental office. There is a distinction between the systemic- and the local application of fluoride.
The systemic application occurs through the ingestion of table salt, tablets, drinking water and foods containing fluoride.
The local application occurs through the use of toothpastes containing fluoride, polish, gels or solutions.
The effectiveness of fluoride is scientifically proven. Fluoride encourages the process of mineralization before the tooth breaks through, as well as the process of remineralisation after the tooth breaks through.
Fluoride leads to an optimization of the mineral-content of the tooth. Consequently, the tooth is more resistant against the attack of acids which cause cavities (reduction of acid-solubility).
This occurs through systemic methods such ingesting tablets, drinking water and table salt.
An intake of too much fluoride can result in white spots on the enamel of the remaining teeth. For this reason, we should avoid taking an overdose of same.
When using fluoride tablets, the patient's medical history should be considered in case there may be problems with ingesting it.
In addition to brushing with toothpaste containing fluoride, fluoridated table salt is also recommended.
Brush your child's teeth twice a day, once using a pea-sized amount of fluoridated children's toothpaste, (500 ppm), the other time using only water.
As of the 2nd year, the teeth should be brushed twice daily, using the same pea-sized amount of fluoridated paste for children.
With the breakthrough of the first permanent teeth, a toothpaste with a higher fluoride-content
(1000-1500 ppm) should be used.
When using this method of fluoridization, the use of fluoride tablets to prevent cavities should be avoided.
Cavity-causing bacteria produce acids which demineralize the tooth, thus causing cavities.
Hereby, fluoride accelerates remineralisation of the tooth.
Fluoride also influences the metabolic process inherent in the plaque (film), thereby reducing the bacteria's production of acid.
With this method, fluoride is ingested into the body and the teeth either through local or systemic measures.
Scientific studies show that primarily those fluorides which work on the tooth's surface after its breakthrough have the effect of preventing cavities.